Buddhism is a major global religion with a complex history and system of beliefs.
It began around 2,500 years ago in India when Siddhartha Gautama discovered how
to bring happiness into the world. The Buddha was not a god and the philosophy of
Buddhism does not entail any theistic world-view. The teachings of the Buddha are
aimed solely to liberate sentient beings from suffering.
The Basic Teachings of Buddha which are the core of Buddhism are-
The Three Universal Truths
- Nothing is lost in the universe
- Everything Changes
- Law of Cause and Effect
The Four Noble Truths
- Life is suffering
- Suffering is due to attachment
- Attachment can be overcome
- There is a path for accomplishing this
The Noble Eightfold Path
Right View is the true understanding of the four noble truths.
Right Aspiration is the true desire to free oneself from attachment, ignorance,
and hatefulness. These two are referred to as Prajña, or
Right Speech involves abstaining from lying, gossiping, or hurtful talk.
Right Action involves abstaining from hurtful behaviors, such as killing,
stealing, and careless sex.
Right Livelihood means making your living in such a way as to avoid dishonesty
and hurting others, including animals. These three are referred to as Shila, or
Right Effort is a matter of exerting oneself in regards to the content of
one's mind: Bad qualities should be abandoned and prevented from arising again;
Good qualities should be enacted and nurtured.
Right Mindfulness is the focusing of one's attention on one's body, feelings,
thoughts, and consciousness in such a way as to overcome craving, hatred, and ignorance.
Right Concentration is meditating in such a way as to progressively realize
a true understanding of imperfection, impermanence, and non-separateness.
Thus the teachings of Buddha till today is the very way of living life of thousands and
millions of people all across the world. Keeping this view in mind North Maharashtra
University decided to establish Buddhist Study & Research Centre from the academic